• wichura
    1
    Hi, I've been struggling to determine what should be the objective categorization of a ranking. Let's say we have the following statements:

    1. Stanford University is the best university in the world.
    2. Stanford University is among the best universities in the world.
    3. According to the QS World University Rankings 2018 the University of Stanford is the best university in the world.

    If we assume that a statement of fact has to be well-supported by available evidence and a statement of opinion doesn't, can we assume by any stretch of rationality and logic that anything based on a ranking can be regarded as factual? I would argue that it cannot but then again I'm not really sure if we can establish the objective terminology if move out of the materialistic paradigm.

    Any thoughts?
  • LD Saunders
    314
    It's definitely a value judgment, but I'm not sure if that entirely precludes it from also being a factual statement, or at least a statement based on facts, as well. If there are certain objective parameters that are looked at in forming the rankings, then to that extent, it would also be a factual claim as well.
  • Terrapin Station
    13.8k
    Opinion. No value judgments, no statements a la "this is better than that," etc. are objective/factual.

    The value judgments can be based on a lot of objective data--stuff like whether students wind up in careers in the fields they majored in, stuff like their incomes in those careers, etc., but there are no objective facts in the vein of "It's better for students to wind up in careers in the fields they majored in rather than wind up working at McDonald's," "It's better to make more rather than less money," etc. Those things are inherently opinions.

    If you're only ranking things in terms of objective data, then that's a fact. Like if you list schools in order of average LSAT scores or something, but that doesn't amount to the school with higher average LSAT scores being objectively better than the other schools. It's not objectively better to have higher rather than lower (or medium, or whatever) LSAT scores.
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