• Borraz
    29
    There are capital texts of philosophy. Others anticipate or summarize the main works, but reveal essential aspects. I will try to update this post and invite you to do the same.

    Plato, Protagoras. It exposes the thought of a rival and, at the same time, it shows the cultural environment of that time.
    Source:
    http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3atext%3a1999.01.0177%3atext%3dProt.

    Plato, Meno. First work in which he departs from the tradition of Heraclitus and underlines for the first time:
    1. The belief in the immortality of the soul.
    2. The extrapolation of the geometric to the philosophical.
    3. The assimilation of philosophy to mathematics, poetic inspiration and religious experience.

    Source:
    http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3atext%3a1999.01.0177%3atext%3dMeno

    The philosopher is the natural successor of the poet, the priest and the seer, not the Ionic physicist. This orientation permeates the first seven chapters of this impressive text:

    Cornford, F. M. (1952): Principium Sapientiae: The Origins of Greek Philosophical Thought, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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