## An argument for God's existence

• 6.8k
Assign a tiny probability that an event will happen each time period and then multiply that by infinite time:

That certainly makes sense, but if we're forwarding a logical argument what is the ground for assigning any probability for any arbitrary time period? If it's just an arbitrary assumption why would we expect anyone to give it any weight as something true?

If time has a start, it must of been caused by something.

You have any to assume that nothing can happen acausally. But that's just an arbitrary assumption. There's no argument for it.
• 277

Or.......how to anthropomophize the bejesus out of otherwise perfectly reasonable stuff.

(Sigh)
• 851
That certainly makes sense, but if we're forwarding a logical argument what is the ground for assigning any probability for any arbitrary time period? If it's just an arbitrary assumption why would we expect anyone to give it any weight as something true?

Any given event has a probability of happening over any fixed time period. If it's a 'natural' event then that probability is non-zero. With infinite time, as soon as the probability is non-zero, the event will/has happened infinite times. So I maintain we can class events, particularly universe creation events, into two classes:

- Natural events. With infinite time we expect these to occur an infinite number of times. Which is not what we have evidence for (only one Big Bang).
- Unnatural events. We expect these to occur a singular number of times. Which is what we have evidence for (one Big Bang).
• 191
We know a lot from relativity about photons and in general we know things moving at the speed of light do not experience time. So movement does not require time.

So far as we know, things moving at the speed of light don't experience anything, since they aren't sentient. And the "speed of light", is, as the name implies, a speed. Speed, or velocity, has the unit m/s. How is this possible without time?

The "movement" or change of position is from the frame of reference of the observer. The observer, being human, experiences time.
• 6.8k
Any given event has a probability of happening over any fixed time period. If it's a 'natural' event then that probability is non-zero. With infinite time, as soon as the probability is non-zero, the event will/has happened infinite times.

There's a serious problem with that theory, then, because an event can happen just once given an infinite amount of time.

If you want to argue that any event that happens must happen more than once given an infinite amount of time, you'd need an argument as to why that's impossible (why it's impossible to only happen once), and your argument as to why it's impossible can't be because your theory stipulates otherwise.
• 851
So far as we know, things moving at the speed of light don't experience anything, since they aren't sentient. And the "speed of light", is, as the name implies, a speed. Speed, or velocity, has the unit m/s. How is this possible without time?

As far as I understand it, relativity says we are always travelling through spacetime at the speed of light but there is a time and space component. For someone stationary, movement is all in the time direction, but for something moving at the speed of light, movement is all in the space direction with no time component. So movement is possible without time.

There's a serious problem with that per theory, then, because an event can happen just once given an infinite amount of time.

Sorry I'm not using 'event' in the strict sense of relativity defines it; what I mean is infinite instances of the same class of 'event'; IE infinite Big Bangs.
• 6.8k
Sorry I'm not using 'event' in the strict sense of relativity defines it; what I mean is infinite instances of the same class of 'event'; IE infinite Big Bangs.

I wasn't using the term that way, either. There can be just one big bang, say, given infinite time. Again, see what I wrote above if you want to argue that's impossible. (While we continue to ignore the complete arbitrariness of assigning probabilities to this stuff, by the way)
• 851
I wasn't using the term that way, either. There can be just one big bang, say, given infinite time. Again, see what i wrote above if you want to argue that's impossible.

Given infinite time and that the Big Bang big is a naturally occurring event, then there must be an infinite number of Big Bangs. Say Big Bangs are caused by random transitory arrangement of quantum fluctuations. If it happens the once; we should expect it to happen infinite times (with infinite time).

So we have to conclude on evidence that the Big Bang occurred only once so is not a naturally occurring event.
• 6.8k

In one ear and out the other.

Go ahead and repeat the claim, though. Surely that will help.
• 851
There can be just one big bang, say, given infinite time

Assuming you mean the Big Bang was a naturally occurring event, can you justify your above statement in any way?
• 6.8k

Sure. It's not impossible for there to be just one big bang.

In order to say it's impossible, we'd need an argument for that, and our argument can't be that we're stipulating something else.
• 851
If the big bang was a natural event, it would have a non zero probability of occurring over any finite period.

That means it occurs infinite times over an infinite period.

So it is impossible for there to be only one 'naturally occurring' Big Bang (if time is infinite).
• 6.8k
If the big bang was a natural event, it would have a non zero probability of occurring over any finite period.

Based on what?
• 6.8k

Put it this way. If I were to say, "Between the last message I posted and this one--a finite time period, there was zero probability of a big bang occurring," we could know that I'm wrong by . . . . ? Well, by what?
• 851
Put it this way. If I were to say, "Between the last message I posted and this one--a finite time period, there was zero probability of a big bang occurring," we could know that I'm wrong by . . . . ? Well, by what?

If Big Bangs occurs naturally, then there is always a non-zero probability of a Big Bang in any finite time period.

If we extend that over the life time of an infinite in time universe:

(non zero probability of big bang per time period) * (life of universe) = (number of big bangs)
0.000001% * ∞ = ∞

If there had been a infinite number of Big Bangs, I'd warrant the astronomers would of detected something
• 191
As far as I understand it, relativity says we are always travelling through spacetime at the speed of light but there is a time and space component. For someone stationary, movement is all in the time direction, but for something moving at the speed of light, movement is all in the space direction with no time component. So movement is possible without time.

So your argument is that because the movement of all objects can be expressed as a vector in a 4 dimensional space that always has the same length, the 4th dimension of that space is not necessary for movement?
• 851
So your argument is that because the movement of all objects can be expressed as a vector in a 4 dimensional space that always has the same length, the 4th dimension of that space is not necessary for movement?

Yes. In two dimensions: If the y axis is time and the x axis is space, then movement along the x axis represents movement at the speed of light wholly in the spacial direction. The temporal co-ordinate is always zero in this case.
• 6.8k
If Big Bangs occurs naturally, then there is always a non-zero probability of a Big Bang in any finite time period.

Based on what? The fact that you're stipulating it?
• 851
Based on what? The fact that you're stipulating it?

We have to say that the qualifier 'natural' applies to certain time periods. For an event to be natural within a time period; it has to have a non-zero possibility of occurring in that time period.

So what I am saying is that the Big Bang is a natural event for all time periods of the universe's infinite history; hence there must be infinite Big Bangs.
• 6.8k
We have to say that the qualifier 'natural' applies to certain time periods. For an event to be natural within a time period; it has to have a non-zero possibility of occurring in that time period.

You're not answering what the probability is based on. I don't know how many times I have to ask that until you'd attempt to explain what the probability is based on.
• 851

- If an event is non-natural in a time period, then it has a 0% chance of occurring in that time period.
- If an event is natural in a time period, then it has a non-zero chance of occurring in that time period.
• 6.8k
- If an event is non-natural in a time period, then it has a 0% chance of occurring in that time period.
- If an event is natural in a time period, then it has a non-zero chance of occurring in that time period.

That's fine.

Now, what is the probability based on? We say that x has probability n. (And whether n is zero or non-zero changes the classification per the above.) How is n derived?
• 851
What is the probability based on?

You have me confused; you will have to make that question more specific.
• 6.8k

We're not just assigning probabilities randomly, are we?
• 6.8k
Like roll two dice, and if we get two 5s, we assign "zero," if we roll two 1s, we assign "0.5" etc.?
• 851
We're not just assigning probabilities randomly, are we?

No, but all we need to be able to deduce that infinite Big Bangs occurred is to assign a non-zero probability of a Big Bang occurring in a tiny fraction of the universe's infinite history; that is sufficient to ensure infinite Big Bangs.

The actual probability numbers do not matter; all that matter is if the probability is zero (Big Bang must be a non-natural event) or non-zero (Big Bang must be naturally occurring and infinite in occurrence).
• 6.8k
No, but all we need to be able to deduce that infinite Big Bangs occurred is to assign a non-zero probability of a Big Bang occurring in a tiny fraction of the universe's infinite history; that is sufficient to ensure infinite Big Bangs.

The actual probability numbers do not matter; all that matter is if the probability is zero (Big Bang must be a non-natural event) or non-zero (Big Bang must be naturally occurring and infinite in occurrence).

If I say that the probability of the Big Bang occurring today is zero and you say it's not, then we need a way to determine which one of us is correct.

Whether we assign the term "natural" or "unnatural" is irrelevant, because per your comments above, those terms only refer to whether there is a non-zero probability in any arbitrary finite time period of x happening or not. So there's no need to even bother with the terms.
• 851
If I say that the probability of the Big Bang occurring today is zero and you say it's not, then we need a way to determine which one of us is correct.

What I say implies infinite natural Big Bangs (with infinite time). We can tell from astronomy that there is only one Big Bang so empirical evidence is in my favour when concluding that the Big Bang is singular and non-natural.

I think the natural/non-natural definition I gave in terms of probability are helpful definitions; not sure how else you could mathematically define them?
• 6.8k
What I say implies infinite natural Big Bangs (with infinite time). We can tell from astronomy that there is only one Big Bang so empirical evidence is in my favour when concluding that the Big Bang is singular and non-natural.

You're only using "natural"/"non-natural" to refer to probability right?
• 851
You're only using "natural"/"non-natural" to refer to probability right?

And to the cause of the Big Bang. Natural would be quantum fluctuations or such. Non-natural would be God.
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