• Does Man Have an Essence?
I know what lemon essence is, I don't know what an "essence of man" would be.

It is a gay thing.
• What makes a science a science?
I also think all math is a lie but I am in love with the simplicity and order it offers.
• What makes a science a science?
That said, however, it should be pointed out that statistical conclusions are not considered facts, they are considered evidence which should be considered with other evidence.
• What makes a science a science?

I have never met anyone on the statistician's journey to disagree with the idea it is a science.

But I understand your reservation. On my first day in intro to statistics the instructor called it a science and I challenged him to prove it, so right there in class we looked up the common definition of science and talked about it. That class was mostly math, but as you push on it is clear that you are learning how to apply the scientific method on empirical data using statistical methods.
• What makes a science a science?
I consider mathematics a science, but statistics comes with some extra baggage the other big two don't. When you study statistics you have to study a series of classes that are more focused on the conceptual rather than mathematics; this is in addition to all the math you have to learn. It is the scientific method as told by statisticians.

It falls under the umbrella of what is know as a data science. Statistics aims at proper scientific methods for the collection and analysis of data. This analysis can be on observational data or data collected from an experiment. It uses hypothesis testing and modeling to help researchers reach a conclusion.
• What makes a science a science?

There is no doubt in my mind that statistics is a science and if you studied it more I have little doubt you would disagree.
• What makes a science a science?
I wonder how many people here would consider statistics a science.
• What makes a science a science?
I am no fan of psychology and have openly mocked it for being too subjective but to say it is not a science is just ignorance. Science is something we work towards, an approach, an aim, and they at least are moving in that direction.
• What makes a science a science?
To be honest, I think some here have a misconception of science. Not everything is wired down to the quantitative or empirical, some of it is arbitrary and most of it is simply our best guess. Also I would like to point out that the term "rational" is not empirically falsifiable, nor is it quantifiable.
• What makes a science a science?

Occam's Razor itself is a reasoned suggested approach which is not based on direct hypothesis testing; instead it is nothing but a guideline or a rule of thumb.
• What makes a science a science?

Don't get hung up on what is "qualitative" and what is "quantitative" too much, it is really only important to make such distinctions when you are doing statistical modeling or something similar. People just grasp on to the word quantitative because they think it makes them sound scientific or more official, but they all too often make the mistake of assuming it means numbers are in in the area.

If you can't separate them out, just talk about things plainly like you normally would, you may not realize it but you were already taught the difference just by learning how to talk and do basic math. You know what time is and you know what colors are, you don't need extra labels just to talk about those things.
• What makes a science a science?
The qualitative (aka categorical) is about making conceptual difference based on the quality of something. Normal force is different than weight force. The fact we can calculate them does not change the conceptual difference.
• What makes a science a science?
Can you give some examples?

Here are some examples of the quantitative: kilograms & meters per second squared. The actual meaningful measurements themselves. If we say F=ma then that is a quantitative statement, but if we categorize that as Newton's 2nd Law, then that is a categorical statement.
• What makes a science a science?
Can you give some examples?

Species of fish, different types of force and even Newton's Laws of Motion are categories. I honestly don't think you know the difference between the two. Infinity is not quantitative, it is not even a number, it is a concept. You can not measure infinity.
• What makes a science a science?
Not everything in science is quantifiable, in fact that is why we have the two terms.
• What makes a science a science?

I have no interest in defending psychology as a science nor do I care if you do or do not consider it one. I suggest you Google it.
• What makes a science a science?

Still not the variable of interest. Understanding that difference is a common exam question in intro stats courses. Everyone always makes the same mistake you are making, but it is categorical.

Psychology is generally considered a science and I have no good reason to disagree with that.
• What makes a science a science?

Most is not a quantitative unit of measurement nor is it the variable of interest.

And name a science that does not use statistics.
• How Existential Questions are Discounted- WARNING: Adult Material
Where are the nude pictures? Don't promise adult material unless you have nudes.
• What makes a science a science?
I think quantitative psychology has yielded results that give us insights into our own mentality. For instance, most religious people are against abortion or education level is associated with atheism, etc.

Those are qualitative assessments, not quantitative and that would be statistics not psychology.

#### Jeremiah

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