Quantitative variables are made of numerical measurements that have meaningful units attached to them. Categorical variables take on values that are categories or labels.
Homo sapiens are just one of millions of extant species of conscious animals. If you rank these species in descending order of overall intelligence, human beings rank at the very top of the list--out of millions, we're number one. As a human being, it seems like I got very lucky, when it's conceivable that I could have been a bat, cicada, giraffe, cow, rat, spider, salmon, kangaroo, etc. — jdh
The laws of physics do not change between a can of paint and a gigantic clambering vat of swirling marbles. — Ergo
Saturation is the point at which a solution of a substance can dissolve no more of that substance. This point of maximum concentration, the saturation point, depends on the temperature of the liquid as well as the chemical nature of the substances involved. If a change in conditions (e.g. cooling) means that the concentration is higher than the saturation point, the solution has become 'supersaturated'.
In organic chemistry, a saturated chemical compound has no double bond or triple bond or ring. In saturated hydrocarbons, every carbon atom is attached to two hydrogen atoms, except those at the ends of the chain, which have three hydrogen atoms.
In biochemistry, the term saturation refers to the fraction of total protein binding sites that are occupied at any given time. Applies to enzymes, and molecules like haemoglobin.
In organometallic chemistry, an unsaturated complex has fewer than 18 valence electrons and thus is susceptible to oxidative addition or coordination of an additional ligand. Unsaturation is characteristic of many catalysts because it is usually a requirement for substrate activation.
It is my thinking that this particular discussion about randomness is among the most important debates in science, physics, mathematics and philosophy. — Ergo
I must also now point out that you have not actually presented any evidence to show that my original hypothesis has many flaws. You only concluded, that it does, offering no real world representations to support you opinion only more unfinished math. — Ergo
You have to believe that you have accounted for everything when you say “sure... you can end up with a gallon size jar filled with only white marbles if you have infinite tries” — Ergo
The empirical rule states that for a normal distribution, nearly all of the data will fall within three standard deviations of the mean. The empirical rule can be broken down into three parts:
68% of data falls within the first standard deviation from the mean.
95% fall within two standard deviations.
99.7% fall within three standard deviations.
If slight variances in the mixture, from one jar to another are observable, what leads you to the conclusion that a jar of all one colour is possible? — Metaphysician Undercover
And this is where Ergo's mistake is: He is assuming that given the null is true we will always get an even distribution [This does not mean exactly even.], because in a fair test after all the math is done we will fail to reject the null; either 90, 95, or 99.95 (typical standards) percent of the time, but there is no always. Yes, we can use the math to approximate a normal distribution but it is called "normal" for a reason.
Here is a simple rundown of the Empirical Rule: http://www.statisticshowto.com/empirical-rule-2/ — Jeremiah